The need to knows
Seed Enterprise Investment Scheme (SEIS) and Enterprise Investment Scheme (EIS) tax relief is available on many of the UK business investment opportunities listed on the GrowthFunders platform. If possible, investors should take advantage of EIS Relief and SEIS Relief, as they are designed to help private investors mitigate risks associated with investing in unlisted companies (start up, early stage and established businesses).
This summary page provides an overview of the tax relief’s available under SEIS and EIS and should not be interpreted as tax, legal or financial advice.
EIS relief – overview
There are currently five EIS tax relief’s available to investors in qualifying companies:
1. EIS income tax relief
You can reduce your income tax liability by 30% providing;
- You don’t have more than a 30% interest in the company.
- You hold the shares for 3 years from the date of issue or from commencement of trading whichever is the later.
- You must not be deemed ‘connected’ with the company.
There is no minimum investment per company and the maximum in respect of which an investor may obtain income tax relief in any given year is £1M.
2. CGT freedom
Providing shares are held for a minimum of 3 years (from the date of issue or commencement of trading) whichever is the later, then no Capital Gains Tax (CGT) is payable.
Shares can be held for longer, so if the company you have invested in is doing well and continues to grow then your CGT free gain may accrue over a longer period.
The potential of realising a CGT free gain by subscribing in a successful EIS qualifying company can provide investors with an extremely valuable benefit.
3. EIS capital gains tax deferral relief
Capital Gains Tax Deferral Relief is available for qualifying UK investors who may have realised gains over the last 36 months, or are anticipating gains over the 12 months following investment.
Deferral relief is unlimited – this relief is not limited to investments of £1m per annum. Investors (individuals or trustees) whose interest in the company exceeds 30% may also claim Deferral Relief.
To qualify for Capital Gains Tax Deferral Relief, investors must be UK residents or in some circumstances it may be available to Trustees who are UK resident.
4. EIS loss relief against income or capital gains
Investing in private unlisted companies is a high risk / high return investment strategy and share values can also decrease.
If ordinary qualifying shares have been held in the company for the minimum period (3 years from the date of issue or 3 years from the commencement of trade – whichever is later) then an allowable loss will arise if;
- EIS Income Tax Relief has been claimed but not withdrawn.
- Sold at a market value less than the original investment.
The loss can be set offset against;
- Capital gains generated in the tax year that the qualifying shares were sold or thereafter, OR
- Taxable income of the current or prior tax year.
Any additional losses would be carried forward and set against future capital gains.
If the shares were to become totally worthless, then EIS Loss Relief limits the exposure for an investor who is a 50% tax payer to 35 pence in the pound. Alternatively, the losses can be offset against Capital Gains at the prevailing rate.
5. EIS inheritance tax and business property relief
If ordinary shares in EIS qualifying companies have been held for at least 2 years then they will generally qualify for Business Property Relief for Inheritance Tax purposes. EIS relief of 100% should be available which will reduce or eliminate Inheritance Tax liability.
SEIS relief – overview
SEIS is the ‘baby brother’ of the EIS. The tax reliefs are similar but more advantageous to investors as the businesses which are SEIS eligible are start up or early stage companies (less than 2 yrs old). Investing in early stage businesses carries significant risk therefore HMRC have introduced a range of generous relief’s aimed for suitably qualified investors.
Up to 64% tax Relief available. Simply download our free eBook , shown below, to find out more.
GrowthFunders do not provide tax advice and the information above is intended to provide an overview of EIS Relief.
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The tax relief available will depend on your individual circumstances and may be subject to change. If you are in any doubt about the tax treatment of your investment then you should consult a professional tax adviser prior to making any investment.